Satoshi Nakamoto | 3 Nov 17:23 2008

Re: Bitcoin P2P e-cash paper

>> As long as honest nodes control the most CPU power on the network,
>> they can generate the longest chain and outpace any attackers.
>
>But they don't.  Bad guys routinely control zombie farms of 100,000
>machines or more.  People I know who run a blacklist of spam sending
>zombies tell me they often see a million new zombies a day.
>
>This is the same reason that hashcash can't work on today's Internet
>-- the good guys have vastly less computational firepower than the bad
>guys.

Thanks for bringing up that point.

I didn't really make that statement as strong as I could have.  The requirement is that the good guys
collectively have more CPU power than any single attacker. 

There would be many smaller zombie farms that are not big enough to overpower the network, and they could
still make money by generating bitcoins.  The smaller farms are then the "honest nodes".  (I need a better
term than "honest")  The more smaller farms resort to generating bitcoins, the higher the bar gets to
overpower the network, making larger farms also too small to overpower it so that they may as well generate
bitcoins too.  According to the "long tail" theory, the small, medium and merely large farms put together
should add up to a lot more than the biggest zombie farm.

Even if a bad guy does overpower the network, it's not like he's instantly rich.  All he can accomplish is to
take back money he himself spent, like bouncing a check.  To exploit it, he would have to buy something from a
merchant, wait till it ships, then overpower the network and try to take his money back.  I don't think he
could make as much money trying to pull a carding scheme like that as he could by generating bitcoins.  With a
zombie farm that big, he could generate more bitcoins than everyone else combined.

The Bitcoin network might actually reduce spam by diverting zombie farms to generating bitcoins instead.

Satoshi Nakamoto

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