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From: Jon Presco <braskewitz <at> yahoo.com>
Subject: Oil Pirates Dancing in the Motherland of Death
Newsgroups: gmane.culture.templar.rosemont
Date: Thursday 24th January 2008 19:30:46 UTC (over 10 years ago)
Oil Pirates Dancing in the Motherland of Death


(Images: White Russians. Women's Battalion of Death. White Russian 
flag. Oil Pirates on parade)

"No; how often did George De Mohrenschildt see Herman and George 

Mr. Raigorodsky. 
I don't know, but he has been going to Houston quite often. In fact, 
he told me that everything is settled--he is going to deal with them 
in that Haiti situation, and then Herman died." 

George de Mohrenschildt had oil business dealings with Paul M. 
Raigorodsky who was the White Russian God Father in Texas. When 
Raigorodsky was asked by the Warren Commision about his good friends 
Herman and George Brown and their company, Paul wanted his answer off 
the record. 

The Brown brothers founded Brown & Roots that became a subsiderary of 
Haliburton. Lyndon Johnson did big political favors for the Brown 
brothers and became the President of the United States after Kennedy 
was assasinated. Why didn't the Warren Commision follow up on this 
lead, or, consult with the CIA about the White Russians, for here are 
some real cut-throats that will do anything for the Motherland, just 
as Cheney and Rice will do anything for Papa Haliburton who moved out 
of the country leaving Brown & Root holding the Golden Oil Screw.

Lee Harvey Oswald was not holding a Pravda newspaper in his hand in 
that infamous photo of him with his rifle. It was a White Russian 
paper with a double eagle on it. Oswald was dealing with Oil & Power 
Whores who will do anything, screw anybody for Oil Dollars and 
Unlimited Power. Lee knew he was over his head soon after he came to 
Texas. Kennedy knew he was way over his head before he came to Texas. 
Surely Mohrenschildt bragged to Jack's mother-in-law about all the 
Russian Oil Brigands and Middlemen he knew in Texas, and how 
intimidating they were, they the Blackwater of their day. These 
Imperialist Adventure Capitalists hated Socialism and welfare 
programs that empowered the Soviets. These Brigands would kill anyone 
who got in the way of the Free Enterprise System. Did they have a 
assasination squad of snipers? They had a women's division called the 
Battalion of Death because they carried cyanide capsuls they would 
take when captured. No need to look for Kennedy's Killer amongst 
these fine and noble business folks who are private contractors in 

"According to the study, Bush and seven top officials -- including 
Vice President Dick Cheney, former Secretary of State Colin Powell 
and then-National Security Adviser Condoleezza Rice -- made 935 false 
statements about Iraq during those two years."

What is clear, is that Lee Harvey Oswald would have talked about the 
White Russians and their connection to Texas Oil families. After 
being arrested, Lee told the Dallas police he wanted to hire a New 
York attorney that specialized in those who are accused of trying to 
overthrown the Government of the United States. 

As for the Tax Rebate to save our economy, none of it is going to the 
poor. It is going to the Saudi Royal family after middle-America 
tanks up a few times in order to go to work for the Prosperity Jesus 
Plan, the Right-wing "Killer Jesus" who will bring on the Tribulation 
with the help of his White Russian Angels of Death, his beloved 
Imerialist Capitalist Oil Whores who will bow down to anyone and put 
their rumps in the air for Oil Profits and a un-holy Lube Job. 

These are Terrorists, Hell's Angels from the Motherland of Death and 
Insanity who hate Democracy and the little people who are prone not 
to vote for their Boss Man because they do not know what is good for 
them. Why should they know?

Osama Bin Laden now knows he was way over his head. Did his family do 
business with Brown & Roots. 

Jon Presco

"After serving as Secretary of Defense for President Bush, Cheney 
reaped the financial rewards of the revolving money door between the 
military and industry. Cheney became a member of the board of 
directors of Morgan Stanley. the Union Pacific Corp., Procter & 
Gamble Co. and Electronic Data Systems Corp. (Ross Perot company) 
But, most important, in 1995 Cheney became the CEO of Halliburton 
(owner of Brown and Root) ( Cheney, the chairman of the board, holds 
a $45.5 million stake as Halliburton's biggest individual 
stockholder. Brown and Root reaped multi-millions from the Bosnia 

In 1998 Richard Cheney got the idea that Halliburton should purchase 
Dresser Industries, for $8.1 billion (creating the world's largest 
oil-drilling services company) while on a quail hunt with Dresser 
chair Bill Bradford. Dresser and Halliburton merged. Dresser 
Industries was owned and operated by Brown Brothers Harriman. 
Prescott Bush (George H.W.'s father) was a partner of Brown Brothers 
and on the board of Dresser for decades until he became a U.S. 
WASHINGTON (CNN) -- President Bush and his top aides publicly made 
935 false statements about the security risk posed by Iraq in the two 
years following September 11, 2001, according to a study released 
Tuesday by two nonprofit journalism groups.

President Bush addresses the nation as the Iraq war begins in March 
"In short, the Bush administration led the nation to war on the basis 
of erroneous information that it methodically propagated and that 
culminated in military action against Iraq on March 19, 2003," reads 
an overview of the examination, conducted by the Center for Public 
Integrity and its affiliated group, the Fund for Independence in 

According to the study, Bush and seven top officials -- including 
Vice President Dick Cheney, former Secretary of State Colin Powell 
and then-National Security Adviser Condoleezza Rice -- made 935 false 
statements about Iraq during those two years.

The study was based on a searchable database compiled of primary 
sources, such as official government transcripts and speeches, and 
secondary sources -- mainly quotes from major media organizations.

The study says Bush made 232 false statements about Iraq and former 
leader Saddam Hussein's possessing weapons of mass destruction, and 
28 false statements about Iraq's links to al Qaeda. 



Mr. RAIGORODSKY. I was born in Russia, I lived in Russia until I was, 
oh, let's see, I escaped from Russia in 1919, went to Czechoslovakia 
to the university there. Mr. JENNER. You did what, sir? Mr. 
RAIGORODSKY. I went to the university there and I am escaping from 
Russia--I fought against the Bolsheviks in two different armies and 
then came to the United States with the help of the American Red 
Cross and the YMCA. Mr. JENNER. When was that? Mr. RAIGORODSKY. In 
December--the 28th, 1920. Mr. JENNER. 1940? Mr. RAIGORODSKY. 1920. 
Mr. JENNER. How old are you, by the way? Mr. RAIGORODSKY. Sixty-five 
exactly. May I have this not on the record? 

Mr. RAIGORODSKY. Oh, yes; growing. I was sent to Dallas and I 
organized an office here. Then, we moved the company from Dallas and 
made the Los Angeles office a branch office. Then, I went to Tulsa 
and opened an office of our company there, and that way we were 
building lots of plants in Louisiana, in Texas, in Oklahoma. Then, I 
sold out my third in 1929. It was a good time to sell out, and I 
organized the Petroleum Engineering Co., which company I have had 
ever since, until just now--it is inoperative. Then, I continued to--
I opened an office in Houston and continued to build gasoline plants 
and refineries under the name of Petroleum Engineering Co. and built 
about 250 of them all over the world and in the United States---lots 
of them even in Russia, though I never went there, we had a protocol 
( I believe No. 4), under which we were supposed to have given them 
some refineries and gasoline plants--you know the "chickens and the 
eggs" situation. The fact is I had an order from the Treasury 
Department and one of them was sunk. Maybe this should be off the 

Mr. RAIGORODSKY. Yes. And, I will answer anything else you want to 
now. Mr. JENNER. All right. While living in the Dallas area, and I 
listened to your splendid career, I assume that--and if this 
assumption is wrong, please correct me---that the people of Russian 
descent who came into this area of Texas would tend to seek your 
advice or assistance, that you in turn voluntarily, on your own part, 
had an interest in those people in the community and that in any 
event you became acquainted with a good many people from Europe who 
settled in this general area---in the Dallas metropolitan area and 
even up into Houston? Mr. RAIGORODSKY. Yes--Louise, will you get me 
my church file? 

Mr. RAIGORODSKY. That's a question. You see, talking about, and 
believe me, that's the only time---first of all, I've got George De 
Mohrenschildt to become a member of the Petroleum Club. Mr. JENNER. 
What is the Petroleum Club? Mr. RAIGORODSKY. It is the Petroleum 
Club, Dallas Petroleum Club. Mr. JENNER. Did you seek to do it for 
him? Mr. RAIGORODSKY. No. Mr. JENNER. He was a man of grace at the 
club? Mr. RAIGORODSKY. Very much so a man of grace, a man of 
breeding. Mr. JENNER. And did he begin to move in a different social 
circle? Mr. RAIGORODSKY. An entirely different social circle. 

Mr. JENNER. We are trying to get a background on him and we want your 
idea. Mr. RAIGORODSKY. I don't believe that George is a Communist, 
because I don't think that the Communists would stand for the 
behavior of George in the United States. I mean, that is the only 
thing that I can give him credit for. To them it is a religion. You 
see, communism is a religion to them and they lead, as we should, I 
understand they lead the Spartan life, I mean, they are supposed to, 
but George led anything but the Spartan life in this country. Mr. 
JENNER. Did you have some business relations with him? Mr. 
RAIGORODSKY. I had some small stock deals with him, oil deals when he 
would drill a well and I would buy a certain portion of the deal, 
maybe one- sixteenth or something like that. He had one dry hole I 
can remember and one well that came in very small and nothing to brag 
about and he tried to get to go with him in business with him in 

Mr. Jenner. 
Do you know of any business interests of De Mohrenschildt in Houston? 
Mr. Raigorodsky. 
In Houston? 
Mr. Jenner. 
Yes; in the last 5 years, let's say? 
Mr. Raigorodsky. 
Yes; he told me that he was going to see Herman and George Brown--
they are brothers. 
Mr. Jenner. 
What business are they in? 
Mr. Raigorodsky. 
Well, again, don't put this down. 
Mr. Jenner. 
Off the record.(Discussion between Messrs. Jenner and Davis and the 
witness, Mr. Raigorodsky, off the record.) 
Mr. Jenner. 
Now; I want this on the record. 
Mr. Raigorodsky. 
George has been friends with many, many influential people in many 
Mr. Davis. 
In all of them, I imagine. 
Mr. Raigorodsky. 
Mr. Jenner. 
Is he a namedropper--is he a man who seeks to be friends of important 
Mr. Raigorodsky. 
No--he was my friend, I was his friend--he was Jake Hamon's friend 
and Jake Hamon was his friend. 
Mr. Davis. 
How often did De Mohrenschildt see him? 
Mr. Raigorodsky. 
Mr. Davis. 
No; how often did George De Mohrenschildt see Herman and George 
Mr. Raigorodsky. 
I don't know, but he has been going to Houston quite often. In fact, 
he told me that everything is settled--he is going to deal with them 
in that Haiti situation, and then Herman died. 


They didn't live by a rule book. Their action was to do the right 
thing at the right time." That is how Isabelle Wilson described the 
business philosophy of her father, George R. Brown (right) and his 
brother Herman Brown (left), founder of the Houston-based 
construction and engineering firm, Brown & Root.

Born in Belton, Texas, the two men chose different paths in life. 
Herman, six years older, went to work for a contractor in Belton. 
When his employer went bankrupt, Herman accepted some mules in lieu 
of wages. In 1919, with the mules and the financial support of his 
brother-in-law Dan Root, a prosperous cotton farmer from Central 
Texas, he formed Brown & Root Inc. 

While Herman was trying his hand at entrepreneurship, George 
graduated from the Colorado School of Mines in 1922 and joined the 
Marines during the last stage of World War I. After the war, George 
traveled to Butte, Mont., then returned to Texas to join ranks with 
his brother in Brown & Root. In 1929, Dan Root passed away and George 
became an official partner.

Herman ran the company, making day-to-day decisions, while George was 
in charge of marketing. The brothers started out paving dirt roads 
and building bridges for municipal and county governments, but they 
yearned for bigger projects. Their opportunity came in 1937, when 
newly elected Congressman Lyndon B. Johnson helped the brothers 
secure construction of the Marshall Ford Dam on the Colorado River, 
since renamed the Mansfield Dam. The project not only turned a profit 
for the Browns but also resulted in supplying electricity to 
Johnson's impoverished constituents in the hill country.

The endeavor led to bigger and better projects. In turn, the Browns 
backed Johnson's political ambitions financially and politically. The 
Washington Post quoted George as saying, "We always believed in good 
government and keeping good people in office. Those things go hand 
and hand. There's a place for both."

In 1940, Brown & Root became the head contractor in charge of 
building the colossal Corpus Christi Naval Air Station. The Navy base 
became a $100 million undertaking. In addition to construction, the 
company participated in shipbuilding during World War II, doing an 
additional $350 million in work for the Navy.

By 1950, Brown & Root evolved into one of the largest construction 
and engineering firms in the world. Projects included complete jobs 
in Guam, Spain, the United Kingdom, Iran, and the Persian Gulf.

After the death of his older brother in 1962, George sold the company 
to Halliburton Inc. He became chairman of the board until his 
retirement and remained as a consultant. He also held his position 
with the Texas Eastern Corp., a natural gas company he and Herman had 
founded. Herman and George, together with their wives, founded the 
Brown Foundation. Through the foundation, more than $381 million has 
been granted to charitable institutions, mainly in areas of education 
and the arts.

After George Brown passed away in 1983, family friend Elinor McCollum 
said he was "one of the greatest men in the world. He is one of the 
most humanitarian and generous men through his philanthropies that I 
have ever known." 




Uncovering the Hidden

Bronfman, Bush, Cheney Seagrams, Zapata, Brown & RootALL 

After serving as Secretary of Defense for President Bush, Cheney 
reaped the financial rewards of the revolving money door between the 
military and industry. Cheney became a member of the board of 
directors of Morgan Stanley. the Union Pacific Corp., Procter & 
Gamble Co. and Electronic Data Systems Corp. (Ross Perot company) 
But, most important, in 1995 Cheney became the CEO of Halliburton 
(owner of Brown and Root) ( Cheney, the chairman of the board, holds 
a $45.5 million stake as Halliburton's biggest individual 
stockholder. Brown and Root reaped multi-millions from the Bosnia 

In 1998 Richard Cheney got the idea that Halliburton should purchase 
Dresser Industries, for $8.1 billion (creating the world's largest 
oil-drilling services company) while on a quail hunt with Dresser 
chair Bill Bradford. Dresser and Halliburton merged. Dresser 
Industries was owned and operated by Brown Brothers Harriman. 
Prescott Bush (George H.W.'s father) was a partner of Brown Brothers 
and on the board of Dresser for decades until he became a U.S. 


PERMINDEX was a corporate front, headed by Major Louis M. Bloomfield 
of Canada. Clay Shaw operated a division of PERMINDEX in New Orleans 
at the International Trade Mart. The connections between Clay Shaw, 
David Ferrie and Lee Harvey Oswald have, at this time, been proven by 
documentary and photographic evidence, despite myriad attempts to 
discredit the Garrison investigation. 

Halliburton was one of the financiers of PERMINDEX. George and Herman 
Brown of Brown and Root were also financiers. Halliburton acquired 
Brown and Root after 1963. In the Nomenclature of an Assassination 
Cabal, William Torbitt, states: 

The principal financiers of Permindex were a number of U. S. oil 
companies, H. L. Hunt of Dallas, Clint Murchison of Dallas, John 
DeMenil, Solidarist director of Houston, John Connally as executor of 
the Sid Richardson estate, Haliburton Oil Co., Senator Robert Kerr of 
Oklahoma, Troy Post of Dallas, Lloyd Cobb of New Orleans, Dr. Oschner 
of New Orleans, George and Herman Brown of Brown and Root, Houston, 
Attorney Roy M. Cohn, Chairman of the Board for Lionel Corporation, 
New York City, Schenley Industries of New York City, Walter 
Dohrnberger, ex-Nazi General and his company, Bell Aerospace, Pan 
American World Airways, its subsidiary, Intercontinental Hotel 
Corporation, Paul Raigorodsky of Dallas through his company, 
Claiborne Oil of New Orleans, Credit Suisse of Canada, Heineken's 
Brewery of Canada and a host of other munition makers and NASA 
contractors directed by the Defense Industrial Security Command. 
PERMINDEX was the operator of death squads in Europe, Mexico, Central 
American, the Caribbean and the United States. The persons and 
corporations who worked with PERMINDEX took over the government of 
the United States of America on November 22, 1963. The perpetrators 
have never been brought to justice, and now Halliburton, a Permindex 
backer, thus and financer of the ASSASSINATION OF PRESIDENT KENNEDY, 
has one of its own, Dick Cheney, trying to be the Vice President of 
the United States. 

Researchers of the JFK assassination have tried since 1963 to 
determine if George H.W. Bush had any intelligence role in November 
1993. Efforts to conclusively prove that George H. W. Bush was a CIA 
agent at that time have been futile. Efforts to conclusively prove 
that he was directly involved with the Cuban exiles have also been 
futile. This is so, despite the close proximity of the Zapata oil 
platform to Cuba and the naming of boats for the Bay of Pigs 
invasion, notably the "Barbara." However, the financial and corporate 
structures which have financed George H.W. Bush and now his son, can 
be conclusively proven by documents. 
The following article by Linda Minor is an analysis of these 
financial and corporate roots of the Bush family political and 
financial fortune. Note how these roots lead to the Harrimans, 
British Intelligence (right-wing variety) and to Halliburton and 
Brown and Root, thus to PERMINDEX. 

© 2000 
Who were the clients of Brown Brothers Harriman when Prescott Bush 
and his wife's father, George H. Walker, worked for them? It was 
these investors who funded George H.W. Walker's campaigns. His 
biggest contributors were his uncle Herbie Walker, formerly of St. 
Louis, and Eugene Meyer, whose father spent his entire career working 
for a competing investment bank--Lazard Freres--or Lazard Brothers, 
as it was called in London. 

The Bush family ties to the Lairds and Lords of Scotland and England. 
Lazard Brothers was controlled by officials in the British 
government. It was always the investment bank of David Rockefeller. 
And, besides Meyer and Walker, George Bush's other large investor in 
Bush-Overbey was British Assets Trust, Ltd., an investment company 
whose directors interlocked with the management of companies 
associated with Lord Kindersley, such as Hudson's Bay Company. The 
chairman of British Assets Trust in 1956 was J.G.S. Gammell in 
Edinburgh, Scotland, and in 1985 by J.C.R. Inglis, a partner in 
Shepherd & Wedderburn, WS, an Edinburgh law firm. Inglis was also a 
director of The Royal Bank of Scotland Group, Scottish Provident 
Institution for Mutual Life Assurance, Edinburgh American Assets 
Trust and AtlanticAssets Trust, as well as chairman of European 
Assets, N.V., Gammell also had served as director of The Royal Bank 
of Scotland Group, as did such other notables as The Right Hon. Lord 
Balfour of Burleigh, The Right Hon. Lord Clydesmuir and The Right 
Hon. Lord Polwarth. Polwarth, incidentally, began serving as a 
director of the Halliburton Company, parent of Brown & Root, in 1974. 
The Bush family continued to amass its fortune an power from the 
British and Scottish sources named above, as these sources introduced 
their financial tentacles into Texas, and as George H.W. Bush and 
Barbara drove that old red Studebaker into Houston. Has anything 
changed? Do the same people run the selection of Dick Cheney as Vice 
President today? Will their scion, that old Skull & Bonesman, George 
W. be annointed? 

KBR, Inc. (formerly Kellogg, Brown and Root) NYSE: KBR is an American 
engineering and construction company, formerly a subsidiary of 
Halliburton, based in Houston. After Halliburton acquired Dresser 
Industries in 1998, Dresser's engineering subsidiary, The M. W. 
Kellogg Co., was merged with Halliburton's construction subsidiary, 
Brown and Root, to form Kellogg, Brown, and Root. KBR and its 
predecessors have won many contracts with the U.S. military during 
the 2003 invasion of Iraq, as well as during World War II and the 
Vietnam War.
KBR is the largest non-union construction company in the United 
States.[citation needed] 

On April 15, 2006, Halliburton filed a registration statement with 
the United States Securities and Exchange Commission to sell up to 20 
percent of its KBR stock on the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE). On 
November 16, 2006, KBR shares were offered for the public in an 
Initial Public Offering with shares priced at $17. The shares closed 
on the first day up more than 22 percent to $20.75 a share.[1] 
Halliburton announced on April 5, 2007 that it had finally broken 
ties with KBR, which has been its contracting, engineering and 
construction unit as a part of the company for 44 years.[2] 
1 History 
1.1 M.W. Kellogg 
1.2 Brown & Root 
2 Activities in Afghanistan 
3 Activities in Iraq 
3.1 Employee safety 
4 Political connections and controversy 
5 Legacy in Houston 
6 References 
7 External links 
[edit] History 
[edit] M.W. Kellogg 
In 1901 Morris Kellogg founded The M. W. Kellogg Company in New York 
City. The company was incorporated in 1905 and the headquarters were 
moved to Jersey City, New Jersey. Initially Kellogg's main business 
was power plant construction and fabrication of power plant 
components, but the development of hammer forge welding techniques 
helped ready the company to move into refining as the petroleum 
industry developed. 

Kellogg's entry into process engineering initially focused on the 
Fleming cracking process but in the 1920s Kellogg partnered with The 
Texas Company (Texaco) and Standard Oil of Indiana to purchase the 
Cross thermal cracking process. Kellogg set up one of the first 
petroleum laboratories in the country in 1926 to commercialize and 
then license the technology. This led to Kellogg building some 130 
units in the US and abroad. 

In the 1930s and '40s Kellogg worked with leading refiners on various 
technologies. For the war effort, these developments led to the 
construction of six hydroreformer units twenty fluid catalytic 
cracking units and the only complete refinery built during World War 
II. Even bigger than the refining work was the gaseous diffusion 
plant at Oak Ridge, Tennessee built as part of the Manhattan project. 
This period also included the development of the Benedict-Webb-Rubin 
(BWR) equation of state which has since become an industry mainstay 
and provided the basis for Kellogg's lead in cryogenics. 
The 1950s Kellogg technology expanded into steam pyrolysis, Orthoflow 
fluid catalytic cracking, phenol-from-cumene and coal-to-synthetic 
fuels technologies and the '60s saw the growth in helium recovery, 
ethylene and the development of Kellogg's ammonia process. 
In 1970 Kellogg moved from New York City to Houston, Texas and in 
1975, they completed the move by relocating the research and 
development lab as well. The '70s saw Kellogg become the first 
American contractor to receive contracts from the People's Republic 
of China. Kellogg's international work expanded with the major 
ammonia complexes in China, Indonesia and Mexico as well as LNG 
liquefaction plant in Algeria and 2 receiving terminals in the U.S., 
the world's largest LPG plant in Kuwait and four fluid catalytic 
cracking units in Mexico. The '80s saw continuation of global 
activity in LNG and ethylene with millisecond furnaces starting up in 
the U.S.
[edit] Brown & Root 
Brown and Root was founded in Texas in 1919 by two brothers, George 
R. Brown and Herman Brown with money from their brother-in-law, Dan 
Root. The company began its operations by supervising the building of 
warships for the United States Navy. 

One of its first large-scale projects, according to the book Cadillac 
Desert, was to build a dam on the Texas Colorado River near Austin 
during the Depression years. For assistance in federal payments, the 
company turned to the local Congressman, Lyndon B. Johnson. Brown and 
Root was the principal source of campaign funds for Johnson's initial 
run for Congress in 1937 in return for persuading the Bureau of 
Reclamation to change its rules against paying for a dam on land the 
federal government did not own, a decision that had to go all the way 
to President Franklin Delano Roosevelt, according to Robert A. Caro's 
book The Path to Power. After other very profitable construction 
projects for the federal government, such as building the Corpus 
Christi Naval Station, Brown and Root gave massive sums of cash for 
Johnson's first run for the U.S. Senate in 1941. Brown and Root 
violated IRS rules over campaign contributions, largely in charging 
off its donations as deductible company expenses, again according to 
Robert Caro. A subsequent IRS investigation threatened to bring 
criminal charges of illegal campaign donations against Brown and Root 
as well as Johnson and others. It was not quashed until Roosevelt 
himself told the IRS to back off and allowed Brown and Root to settle 
for pennies on the dollar.
During World War II, Brown & Root built the Naval Air Station Corpus 
Christi and its subsidiary Brown Shipbuilding produced a series of 
warships for the U.S. Government. 

In 1947, Brown & Root built one of the world's first offshore oil 

According to Tracy Kidder's Pulitzer Prize-winning book Mountains 
Beyond Mountains, Brown & Root was a contractor in the Péligre Dam 
project. The project was designed by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers 
and financed by the U.S. Export-Import Bank.
Following the death of Herman Brown, Halliburton Energy Services 
acquired Brown & Root in December 1962. According to Dan Briody, who 
wrote a book on the subject, the company became part of a consortium 
of four companies that built about 85 percent of the infrastructure 
needed by the Army during the Vietnam War. At the height of the anti-
war movement of the 1960s, Brown & Root was derided as "Burn & Loot" 
by protesters. 

In 1996, President Bill Clinton awarded Brown & Root a contract to 
support U.S. and North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) troops as 
part of the SFOR operation in the Balkan region. This contract was 
extended to also include KFOR operations in Kosovo starting in 1999. 
The extent of their services included a vast array of logistical 
operations, historically under the jurisdiction of the military. Such 
operations included laundry services, meal services (Burger King, 
Subway, Papa John's Pizza), entertainment (Internet and cable 
access), and recreation (basketball courts and gym equipment). 
From 1995-2002, Halliburton KBR has been awarded at least $2.5 
billion to construct and run military bases, some in secret 
locations, as part of the Army's Logistics Civil Augmentation Program 

In September 2005, under a competitive bid contract it won in July 
2005 to provide debris removal and other emergency work associated 
with natural disasters, KBR started assessment of the cleanup and 
reconstruction of Gulf Coast Marine and Navy facilities damaged in 
the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina. The facilities include: Naval 
Station Pascagoula, Naval Station Gulfport, the John C. Stennis Space 
Center in Mississippi, two smaller U.S. Navy facilities in New 
Orleans, Louisiana and others in the Gulf Coast region. KBR has had 
similar contracts for more than 15 years. 

[edit] Activities in Afghanistan 
KBR was awarded a $100 million contract in 2002 to build a new U.S. 
embassy in Kabul, Afghanistan, from the State Department. 
KBR has also been awarded 15 Logistics Civil Augmentation Program 
(LOGCAP) task orders worth more than $216 million for work under 
Operation Enduring Freedom, the military name for operations in 
Afghanistan. These include establishing base camps at Kandahar and 
Bagram Air Base and training foreign troops from the Republic of 
[edit] Activities in Iraq 
KBR employs more American private contractors and holds a larger 
contract with the U.S. government than does any other firm in Iraq. 
The company's roughly 14,000 U.S. employees in Iraq provide 
logistical support to the U.S. armed forces. [4] 

The United States Army hired KBR to provide housing for approximately 
100,000 soldiers in Iraq in a contract worth $200 million, based on a 
long-term contract signed in December 2001 under the Logistics Civil 
Augmentation Program (LOGCAP). Other LOGCAP orders have included a 
pre-invasion order to repair oil facilities in Iraq; $28.2 million to 
build POW camps; and $40.8 million to accommodate the Iraqi Survey 
Group, which was deployed after the invasion to find weapons of mass 

The Army's actions came under fire from California Congressman Henry 
Waxman, who, along with Michigan Congressman John Dingell, asked the 
General Accounting Office to investigate whether the U.S. Agency for 
International Development and the Pentagon were circumventing 
government contracting procedures and favoring companies with ties to 
the Bush administration. They also accused KBR of inflating prices 
for importing gasoline into Iraq.[5][6] In June 2003, the Army 
announced that it would replace KBR's oil-infrastructure contract 
with two public-bid contracts worth a maximum total of $1 billion, to 
be awarded in October. However, the Army announced in October it 
would expand the contract ceiling to $2 billion and the solicitation 
period to December. As of October 16, 2003, KBR had performed nearly 
$1.6 billion worth of work. In the meantime, KBR has subcontracted 
with two companies to work on the project: Boots & Coots, an oil 
field emergency response firm that Halliburton works in partnership 
with (CEO Jerry L. Winchester was a former Halliburton manager) and 
Wild Well Control. Both firms are based in Texas.[7] 
[edit] Employee safety 

As of February 9, 2007, 98 American KBR employees and subcontractors 
have been killed, and more than 430 have been wounded by hostile 
action while performing services under the company's government 
contracts in Iraq, Afghanistan and Kuwait.[8] 

KBR is currently alleged to have covered up a gang rape of Jamie 
Leigh Jones, one of its contractors, by several other KBR employees 
in Iraq in July, 2005. Jones was allegedly drugged and raped by her 
coworkers, then confined to a security container without food, water, 
or medical treatment for a full day before a guard allowed her to 
call her father. Jones' father then contacted Representative Ted Poe, 
who approached the State Department regarding the matter. Because of 
contractual restrictions, Jones is barred from suing her employer.[9] 
[edit] Political connections and controversy 
Brown and Root had a well-documented relationship with U.S. President 
Lyndon Johnson which began when he used his position as a Texas 
congressman to assist them in landing a lucrative dam contract. In 
return they gave him the funds for his 1948 Senate race against Coke 
R. Stevenson.[10] The relationship continued for years, with Johnson 
awarding military construction contracts to B&R. 
Following the end of the first Gulf War, the Pentagon, led by then 
Defense Secretary Dick Cheney, paid Halliburton subsidiary Brown & 
Root Services over $8.5 million to study the use of private military 
forces with American soldiers in combat zones.[3] 

Cheney was chairman and chief executive officer of Halliburton from 
1995 to 2000. He has been accused of supporting the 2003 invasion of 
Iraq and providing work to KBR under contingency contracts to 
financially benefit himself and his business associates.
However, the Army contract which has been so controversial — LOGCAP — 
has, since its inception, been issued under competitive 
solicitations; of the three LOGCAP contracts, KBR won the first, 
DynCorp the second, KBR the third, and also the current one, 
dubbed "LOGCAP IV". LOGCAP is a contingency-based contract which is 
invoked at the convenience of the US Army as needed; the Task Orders 
under the contract are not competitively bid as the overall contract 

Although DynCorp had won LOGCAP II in 1994,[11] Clinton instead chose 
KBR, and thus the Balkans Support Contract was created for and 
awarded to KBR in February 1999.[12] Even though the LOGCAP program 
is specifically for contingency operations such as the Balkans, there 
was little media coverage about KBR picking up that contract; the 
Balkans work is sometimes mistakenly mentioned as being part of 
LOGCAP, however.[citation needed] 

Most media controversy involves the LOGCAP III contract which KBR 
successfully, and competitively, bid for and won in 2001. While it is 
by far the most profitable of their contracts, the functions of that 
contract are often mixed with the RIO contract in which KBR was given 
in a no-bid process. RIO, or Restore Iraqi Oil, was awarded to KBR 
when the United States Department of Defense determined that KBR 
was "the only contractor that could satisfy the requirement for 
immediate execution of the plan".[13] As of September 2006, hearings 
are still being conducted into the RIO project over possible billing, 
management, and procurement violations. 

One common theme is to use the term LOGCAP while using the dollar 
amounts from RIO, which was using LOGCAP funding for the initial 
staging and startup, (see reference #4). 

Another prime topic of interest is the Defense Contract Audit Agency 
(DCAA) report on billing-methods for meals. The auditors knew about, 
but disregarded, the Army's requirement, whereas KBR was directed to 
have varying amounts of meals prepared at certain locations 
regardless of how many people actually used the service. Although KBR 
was paying for the food, the DCAA did not believe they should be able 
to charge the DoD for meals prepared but not served.[14] 
[edit] Legacy in Houston 
In a lengthy article expounding her theories for The Realist in 
August, Mae says that between 1945 and 1952 the U.S. brought over 642 
German aerospace and weapons experts and their families who are now 
in key positions in American universities, factories and aerospace 
programs. In 1945, when the Nazi regime collapsed, ex-Nazi General 
Reinhard Gehlen joined the American OSS and was placed in charge of 
wartime intelligence for Foreign Armies East. Gehlen's organization 
and the OSS eventually became the CIA in 1947. According to Mae, the 
new CIA under Allen Dulles (his brother, John Foster Dulles, was 
Secretary of Sate from 1953-1959) secretly engaged in political 
action, stirring revolts, overthrowing governments and attempting to 
cause political change rather than actually spying on enemy secrets. 
In addition to the German scientists, Mae says that White Russians 
with oil interests who wanted their holdings returned were brought to 
this country and these people were agents for General Gehlen's spy 
outfit under Hitler. They were moved to the Dallas-Ft. Worth area 
via "Allen Dulles' CIA." These people, she says, were part of a large 
espionage activity and were also closely related with defense, oil 
exploration and warfare. They formed the "Russian Speaking Community" 
referred to in the Warren Report who supplied information on Lee 
Harvey Oswald. The decision after World War II to end imperialism and 
exploitation of underdeveloped nations (sources of oil, minerals and 
cheap labor) interfered with the control of power that Mae believes 
is the motivation force behind the conspiracy. "When JFK made peace 
overtures with Khruschev or Castro, or talked about banning nuclear 
weapons," this presented a loss of cheap labor, of nuclear power over 
people, and of special interest groups' hope to regain their lost 
landholdings (the White Russians). He had to be done away with. The 
CIA, she says, "assassinates heads of states and rulers of countries 
wherever people had a chance for liberation -- Greece, he Dominican 
Republic, Nicaragua, etc. They supply military assistance, send in 
arms and assassinate heir leaders." According to Mae, there are five 
special interest groups that "planned all the assassinations." They 
include: the Syndicate (Mafia) which is involved in illegal drug 
traffic and "dope controls politics;" The World Council of Churches, 
including H.L. Hunt; the aerospace industry; The Solidaris, a group 
of Nazis and White Russians who want to get lands and oil fields; the 
Defense Intelligence Agency, which she says is "bigger than the CIA," 
and the Free Cuba Committee. John Kennedy, Mae says, feared 
the "hidden government" in this country and said publicly he 
waned "to splinter the CIA in a thousand pieces and scatter it to the 
winds." In order to maintain control, the "hidden government" 
assassinated Kennedy. 


House Speaker Nancy Pelosi agreed to drop increases in food stamp and 
unemployment benefits during the Wednesday meeting in exchange for 
gaining rebates of at least $300 for almost everyone earning a 
paycheck, including low-income earners who make too little to pay 
income taxes. 

The Politico) Rep. Louie Gohmert (R-Texas) thinks poor people 
shouldn't get the tax rebate because they don't pay income taxes in 
the first place.Rep. Mike Pence (R-Ind.) has blamed the Democratic 
Congress for the economic downturn without even mentioning the Bush 
administration's role.And Rep. Paul Ryan (R-Wis), says the economic 
stimulus package won't create a single job.Such is life in the 
agitated conservative base these days as Speaker Nancy Pelosi (D-
Calif.), Minority Leader John A. Boehner (R-Ohio) and President Bush 
all make nice on an economic package.Conservative Republicans have 
been largely been left out of negotiations and believe the $145 
billion one time tax rebate and small business tax package goes 
against fundamental conservative principles.So far, conservative 
proposals for much larger, long term corporate, small business and 
capital gains tax cuts have gotten no hearing among congressional 
leaders or the Bush administration. Asked by The Crypt at a press 
conference whether the conservative Republican Study Committee was 
directly involved in stimulus negotiations, all 11 GOP lawmakers on 
the dais shook their head.And maybe that's why they're angry.Gohmert 
says tax rebates should only go to those who pay income taxes, 
meaning a family of four making $25,000 might not get the $800 check 
being discussed as part of the economic stimulus."In order to get a 
rebate, you have to put some bait in first," Gohmert reasoned.

Pence, a former chairman of the conservative Republican Study 
Committee, went so far as to blame Democrats for turmoil in the 
financial markets, problems in the housing industry and the subprime 
mortgage crisis _ even though all these issues were brewing long 
before Democrats took control."One year into a liberal Democrat 
majority, surprise surprise, the economy is struggling," Pence 
said.When Republicans go behind closed doors for their annual retreat 
starting tomorrow, expect fireworks from these conservatives who are 
itching to break the bipartisan truce prevailing on Capitol Hill.

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