Theo de Raadt | 1 Nov 07:30 2005

OpenBSD 3.8 released November 1, 2005

Go and get it!  (Please remember to check the primary mirrors
please -- thanks)

- OpenBSD 3.8 RELEASED -------------------------------------------------

Nov 1, 2005.

We are pleased to announce the official release of OpenBSD 3.8.
This is our 18th release on CD-ROM (and 19th via FTP).  We remain
proud of OpenBSD's record of eight years with only a single remote
hole in the default install.  As in our previous releases, 3.8
provides significant improvements, including new features, in nearly
all areas of the system:

- Improved hardware support, including:
  o New aps driver for the built-in accelerometer found in some IBM ThinkPad laptops.
  o New art driver for Accom Networks Artery T1 and E1 cards.
  o New auixp driver for the ATI IXP series integrated AC'97 audio controller.
  o Basic RAID management using bioctl(8) in the ami(4) MegaRAID driver.
  o New ciss driver for Compaq Smart ARRAY 5 and 6 RAID controllers.
  o New epic driver for SMC 83C170 ethernet adapters.
  o New ichwdt driver for Intel 6300ESB ICH watchdog timer.
  o New pcn driver for the AMD Am79c97x (PCnet) ethernet adapters.
  o New safte driver for SCSI Accessed Fault-Tolerant Enclosures, and a rewritten
    ses driver for SCSI Enclosure Services, both allowing monitoring through
    sysctl and sensorsd.
  o New ueagle driver for Analog Devices Eagle ADSL modems.
  o New uipaq driver for iPAQ USB serial.
  o New viasio driver for VIA VT1211 LPC Super I/O hardware sensors.
  o New zaudio driver for the built-in Zaurus audio CODEC.
  o Improved com driver for serial port PCMCIA cards, such as cellular modems
    on Zaurus.
  o Improved support for many umass devices.
  o Updated driver from X.Org for the Intel i810 family graphics chipset,
    including support for the external VGA output on laptops. 

- New tools:
  o bioctl(8), a RAID management interface.
  o ipsecctl(8), a simple IPsec management tool.
  o stat(1), displaying file status obtained from stat(2) or lstat(2).
  o hostapd(8), a wireless Host Access Point daemon.
  o ifstated(8), a daemon monitoring ethernet interfaces status.
  o watchdogd(8), companion to the hardware watchdog devices.
  o ztsscale(8), a tool to calibrate the Zaurus touch screen.
  o xidle(1), a tool to run a program on X inactivity.
  o gzsig(1), create and verify cryptographic signatures built into gzip file headers.
  o sasyncd(8), a daemon to synchronize IPSec SA's for failover gateways. 

- New functionality:
  o mount_udf(8), providing UDF (DVD) filesystem support.
  o Network interface aggregation, using the virtual trunk(4) interface.
  o Partial wide character and locale support in the C and C++ libraries.
  o wd(4) disks have the security feature frozen before being attached
    to prevent malicious users setting a password that would prevent the
    contents of the drive from being accessed.
  o On the OpenBSD/sparc64 platform, StackGhost buffer overflow exploit
    protection has been added.
  o zaudio(4) changes the mute values if the headphones are plugged in or out. 

- New functionality for ospfd(8), the Open Shortest Path First Daemon:
  o ospfd is now able to redistribute static, connected and default routes.
  o ospfctl is now able to display all relevant information.
  o Interoperability with cisco and Extreme has been improved.
  o Support for parsing and displaying parsed configuration file, similar to bgpd.
  o Support for cryptographic authentication has been added.
  o Interface finite state machine has been reworked, primarily to improve
  o The performance of the shortest path first calculation has been improved.
  o Numerous bugs have been discovered and fixed during the last 6 months. 

- New functionality for bgpd(8), the Border Gateway Protocol Daemon:
  o bgpd is now able to redistribute static and connected routes dynamically.
  o Full route label support; pf(4) can filter based on information bgpd
    attaches to the routes.
  o An additional per prefix weight has been added used to evaluate prefixes
    with equal AS path length.
  o New route decision tunable rde med compare always to force bgpd to compare
    the MED independent of the peer AS.
  o IPv6 support. 

- Assorted improvements and code cleanup:
  o malloc(3) has been rewritten to use the mmap(2) system call,
    introducing unpredictable allocation addresses and guard pages, which
    helps in detecting heap based buffer overflows and prevents various
    types of attacks.
  o libc(3) source code has been converted to ANSI C.
  o realpath(3) is now thread safe.
  o Several pathname races and potential buffer handling problems have been
    fixed in pax(1).
  o Problems with signal delivery on OpenBSD/sparc and OpenBSD/sparc64 have
    been fixed.
  o Reliability of signal handlers using floating point on
    OpenBSD/i386 and OpenBSD/macppc has been improved.
  o NFS write performance has been improved greatly.
  o Countermeasures against various blind ICMP attacks have been implemented. 

- Over 3200 ports, 3000 pre-built packages, improved package tools.

- As usual, many improvements in manual pages and other documentation.

- OpenSSH 4.2:
  o Adds a new compression method that delays the start of zlib
    compression until the user has been authenticated successfully. The
    new method ("Compression delayed") is on by default in the server and
    eliminates the risk of any zlib vulnerability leading to a compromise
    of the server from unauthenticated users.
  o Added support for the improved arcfour cipher modes from
    draft-harris-ssh-arcfour-fixes-02. The improves the cipher's
    resistance to a number of attacks by discarding early keystream
  o Many improvements to connection multiplexing, including a new
    opportunistic multiplexing mode, automatic fallback to plain
    connections when multiplexing fails and support for multiplexed X11
    and agent forwarding.
  o Many additional bug fixes and improvements, as described in the
    release announcement.

- This release of OpenBSD includes the following major components from
  outside suppliers:
  o X.Org 6.8.2 (+ patches, and i386 contains XFree86 3.3.6 servers (+ patches)
    for legacy chipsets not supported by X.Org)
  o Gcc 2.95.3 (+ patches) and 3.3.5 (+ patches)
  o Perl 5.8.6 (+ patches)
  o Apache 1.3.29, mod_ssl 2.8.16, DSO support (+ patches)
  o OpenSSL 0.9.7g (+ patches)
  o Groff 1.15
  o Sendmail 8.13.4, with libmilter
  o Bind 9.3.1 (+ patches)
  o Lynx 2.8.5rel.2 with HTTPS and IPv6 support (+ patches)
  o Sudo 1.6.8p9
  o Ncurses 5.2
  o Latest KAME IPv6
  o Heimdal 0.6.3 (+ patches)
  o Arla 0.35.7
  o Binutils 2.15 (+ patches)
  o Gdb 6.3

If you'd like to see a list of what has changed between OpenBSD 3.7
and 3.8, look at

Even though the list is a summary of the most important changes
made to OpenBSD, it still is a very very long list.

- SECURITY AND ERRATA --------------------------------------------------

We provide patches for known security threats and other important
issues discovered after each CD release.  As usual, between the
creation of the OpenBSD 3.8 FTP/CD-ROM binaries and the actual 3.8
release date, our team found and fixed some new reliability problems
(note: most are minor and in subsystems that are not enabled by
default).  Our continued research into security means we will find
new security problems -- and we always provide patches as soon as
possible.  Therefore, we advise regular visits to

Security patch announcements are sent to the security-announce <at>
mailing list.  For information on OpenBSD mailing lists, please see:

- CD-ROM SALES ---------------------------------------------------------

OpenBSD 3.8 is also available on CD-ROM.  The 3-CD set costs $45USD
(EUR 45) and is available via mail order and from a number of
contacts around the world.  The set includes a colorful booklet
which carefully explains the installation of OpenBSD.  A new set
of cute little stickers is also included (sorry, but our FTP mirror
sites do not support STP, the Sticker Transfer Protocol).  As an
added bonus, the second CD contains an audio track, a song entitled
"Hackers of the Lost RAID".  Lyrics for the song may be found at:

Profits from CD sales are the primary income source for the OpenBSD
project -- in essence selling these CD-ROM units ensures that OpenBSD
will continue to make another release six months from now.

The OpenBSD 3.8 CD-ROMs are bootable on the following five platforms:

  o i386
  o amd64
  o macppc
  o sparc
  o sparc64 (UltraSPARC)

(Other platforms must boot from floppy, network, or other method).

For more information on ordering CD-ROMs, see:

The above web page lists a number of places where OpenBSD CD-ROMs
can be purchased from.  For our default mail order, go directly to:

or, for European orders:

All of our developers strongly urge you to buy a CD-ROM and support
our future efforts.  Additionally, donations to the project are
highly appreciated, as described in more detail at:

- T-SHIRT SALES --------------------------------------------------------

The project continues to expand its funding base by selling t-shirts
and polo shirts.  And our users like them too.  We have a variety
of shirts available, with the new and old designs, from our web
ordering system at:

and for Europe:

The OpenBSD 3.8 t-shirts are available now. The new shirt for 3.8 is
an update of the classic wireframe shirt featuring a really cool looking
(and nice feeling) wireframe blowfish mascot. We also sell our older
shirts, as well as a selection of OpenSSH t-shirts.

- FTP INSTALLS ---------------------------------------------------------

If you choose not to buy an OpenBSD CD-ROM, OpenBSD can be easily
installed via FTP.  Typically you need a single small piece of boot
media (e.g., a boot floppy) and then the rest of the files can be
installed from a number of locations, including directly off the
Internet.  Follow this simple set of instructions to ensure that
you find all of the documentation you will need while performing
an install via FTP.  With the CD-ROMs, the necessary documentation
is easier to find.

1) Read either of the following two files for a list of ftp
   mirrors which provide OpenBSD, then choose one near you:

   As of November 1, 2005, the following ftp mirror sites have the 3.8 release:		Austria Germany		Netherlands	Sweden     New York City, NY, USA	Boulder, CO, USA	Redwood City, CA, USA			Lake in the Hills, IL,

	The release is also available at the master site:	Alberta, Canada
	However it is strongly suggested you use a mirror. 

   Other mirror sites may take a day or two to update.

2) Connect to that ftp mirror site and go into the directory
   pub/OpenBSD/3.8/ which contains these files and directories.
   This is a list of what you will see:

        ANNOUNCEMENT   alpha/         mac68k/        sparc/
        Changelogs/    amd64/         macppc/        sparc64/
        HARDWARE       cats/          mvme68k/       src.tar.gz
        PACKAGES       ftplist        mvme88k/       sys.tar.gz
        PORTS          hp300/         packages/      tools/
        README         hppa/          ports.tar.gz   vax/
        SIZES          i386/          root.mail      zaurus/
        XF4.tar.gz     luna88k/       sgi/

   It is quite likely that you will want at LEAST the following
   files which apply to all the architectures OpenBSD supports.

        README          - generic README
        HARDWARE        - list of hardware we support
        PORTS           - description of our "ports" tree
        PACKAGES        - description of pre-compiled packages
        root.mail       - a copy of root's mail at initial login.
			  (This is really worthwhile reading).

3) Read the README file.  It is short, and a quick read will make
   sure you understand what else you need to fetch.

4) Next, go into the directory that applies to your architecture,
   for example, i386.  This is a list of what you will see:

        CKSUM            bsd.rd           etc38.tgz        misc38.tgz
        INSTALL.i386     cd38.iso         floppy38.fs      pxeboot
        INSTALL.linux    cdboot           floppyB38.fs     xbase38.tgz
        MD5              cdbr             floppyC38.fs     xetc38.tgz
        base38.tgz       cdemu38.iso      game38.tgz       xfont38.tgz
        bsd              cdrom38.fs       index.txt        xserv38.tgz           comp38.tgz       man38.tgz        xshare38.tgz

   If you are new to OpenBSD, fetch _at least_ the file INSTALL.i386
   and the appropriate floppy*.fs or cd38.iso file.  Consult the
   INSTALL.i386 file if you don't know which of the floppy images
   you need (or simply fetch all of them).

5) If you are an expert, follow the instructions in the file called
   README; otherwise, use the more complete instructions in the
   file called INSTALL.i386.  INSTALL.i386 may tell you that you
   need to fetch other files.

6) Just in case, take a peek at:

   This is the page where we talk about the mistakes we made while
   creating the 3.8 release, or the significant bugs we fixed
   post-release which we think our users should have fixes for.
   Patches and workarounds are clearly described there.

Note: If you end up needing to write a raw floppy using Windows,
      you can use "fdimage.exe" located in the pub/OpenBSD/3.8/tools
      directory to do so.

- X.ORG FOR MOST ARCHITECTURES -----------------------------------------

X.Org has been integrated more closely into the system.  This release
contains X.Org 6.8.2.  Most of our architectures ship with X.Org, including
amd64, sparc, sparc64 and macppc.  During installation, you can install
X.Org quite easily.  Be sure to try out xdm(1) and see how we have
customized it for OpenBSD.

On the i386 platform a few older X servers are included from XFree86
3.3.6.  These can be used for cards that are not supported by X.Org
or where X.Org support is buggy.  Please read the /usr/X11R6/README file
for post-installation information.

- PORTS TREE -----------------------------------------------------------

The OpenBSD ports tree contains automated instructions for building
third party software.  The software has been verified to build and
run on the various OpenBSD architectures.  The 3.8 ports collection,
including many of the distribution files, is included on the 3-CD
set.  Please see the PORTS file for more information.

Note: some of the most popular ports, e.g., the Apache web server
and several X applications, come standard with OpenBSD.  Also, many
popular ports have been pre-compiled for those who do not desire
to build their own binaries (see BINARY PACKAGES, below).

- BINARY PACKAGES WE PROVIDE -------------------------------------------

A large number of binary packages is provided.  Please see the PACKAGES
file ( for more details.

- SYSTEM SOURCE CODE ---------------------------------------------------

The CD-ROMs contain source code for all the subsystems explained
above, and the README (
file explains how to deal with these source files.  For those who
are doing an FTP install, the source code for all four subsystems
can be found in the pub/OpenBSD/3.8/ directory:

        XF4.tar.gz     ports.tar.gz   src.tar.gz     sys.tar.gz

- THANKS ---------------------------------------------------------------

OpenBSD 3.8 includes artwork and CD artistic layout by Ty Semaka,
who also arranged an audio track on the OpenBSD 3.8 CD set.  Ports
tree and package building by Peter Valchev, Nikolay Sturm and
Christian Weisgerber.  System builds by Theo de Raadt and Kenji Aoyama.
X11 builds by Todd Fries.  ISO-9660 filesystem layout by Theo de Raadt.

We would like to thank all of the people who sent in bug reports, bug
fixes, donation cheques, and hardware that we use.  We would also like
to thank those who pre-ordered the 3.8 CD-ROM or bought our previous
CD-ROMs.  Those who did not support us financially have still helped
us with our goal of improving the quality of the software.

Our developers are:

    Aaron Campbell, Aleksander Piotrowski, Alex Feldman, Alexander Guy,
    Alexander von Gernler, Alexander Yurchenko, Alexandre Anriot,
    Andreas Gunnarsson, Angelos D. Keromytis, Anil Madhavapeddy,
    Artur Grabowski, Ben Lindstrom, Bernd Ahlers, Bjorn Sandell,
    Bob Beck, Brad Smith, Brandon Creighton, Brian Caswell,
    Brian Somers, Bruno Rohee, Camiel Dobbelaar, Can Erkin Acar,
    Cedric Berger, Chad Loder, Chris Cappuccio, Christian Weisgerber,
    Christopher Pascoe, Claudio Jeker, Constantine Sapuntzakis,
    Dale Rahn, Damien Bergamini, Damien Couderc, Damien Miller,
    Dan Harnett, Daniel Hartmeier, Darren Tucker, David B Terrell,
    David Gwynne, David Krause, David Lebel, David Leonard, Don Stewart,
    Dug Song, Eric Jackson, Esben Norby, Federico G. Schwindt, 
    Fernando Gont, Greg Taleck, Grigoriy Orlov, Hakan Olsson, 
    Hans Insulander, Hans-Joerg Hoexer, Heikki Korpela, Henning Brauer,
    Henric Jungheim, Hiroaki Etoh, Horacio Menezo Ganau, Hugh Graham,
    Ian Darwin, Jacob Meuser, Jakob Schlyter, Jan-Uwe Finck,
    Jared J. Yanovich, Jason Ish, Jason McIntyre, Jason Peel,
    Jason Wright, Jean-Baptiste Marchand, Jean-Francois Brousseau,
    Jean-Jacques Bernard-Gundol, Jim Rees, Joel Knight, Jolan Luff, 
    Jonathan Gray, Jordan Hargrave, Joris Vink, Jose Nazario,
    Joshua Stein, Jun-ichiro itojun Hagino, Kenji Aoyama, Kenjiro Cho,
    Kenneth R Westerback, Kevin Lo, Kevin Steves, Kjell Wooding,
    Kurt Miller, Louis Bertrand, Magnus Holmberg, Marc Balmer,
    Marc Espie, Marc Matteo, Marco Peereboom, Marco Pfatschbacher,
    Marco S Hyman, Marcus Watts, Margarida Sequeira, Marius Eriksen,
    Mark Grimes, Mark Kettenis, Markus Friedl, Martin Reindl,
    Mathieu Sauve-Frankel, Mats O Jansson, Matt Behrens, Matt Smart,
    Matthew Jacob, Matthieu Herrb, Michael Coulter, Michael Shalayeff,
    Michael T. Stolarchuk, Mike Frantzen, Mike Pechkin, Miod Vallat,
    Moritz Jodeit, Nathan Binkert, Niall O'Higgins, Nick Holland,
    Niels Provos, Niklas Hallqvist, Nikolay Sturm, Nils Nordman,
    Oleg Safiullin, Otto Moerbeek, Paul Janzen, Pedro Martelletto,
    Peter Galbavy, Peter Stromberg, Peter Valchev, Philipp Buehler,
    Reinhard J. Sammer, Reyk Floeter, Rich Cannings, Robert Nagy,
    Ryan Thomas McBride, Saad Kadhi, Shell Hin-lik Hung,
    Stephen Kirkham, Steve Murphree, Ted Unangst, Theo de Raadt,
    Thierry Deval, Thomas Nordin, Thorsten Lockert,
    Tobias Weingartner, Todd C. Miller, Todd T. Fries,
    Tom Cosgrove, Uwe Stuehler, Vincent Labrecque, Wilbern Cobb,
    Wim Vandeputte, Xavier Santolaria.